WHICH MEXICO?

I was fortunate enough to study Mexican History with a world re-known Mexican History scholar and author, Dr. Matt Meier, who happened to be a “big, white guy” from Kentucky. Mexican history is both “fascinating” and “mad-dening”, “fun” and “frustrating”.

Teaching Mexican history in a California public school to tenth-grade world history students, I would ask the question, “WHICH MEXICO”?

Mexico and Mexican History is a bit “X-TREME”.
Is Mexico “OLD”? or “NEW”?    “FEUDAL”? or “MODERN”?   “LIBERAL”? OR “CONSERVATIVE”?  “RICH”? OR “POOR”?    “DEVELOPED” or “UNDER-DEVELOPED”?  “LA RAZA” UNITED/ OR HOPELESSLY DIVIDED and FRAGMENTED?   “DEMOCRACY” (of masses) OR “DICTATORSHIP” (by elites) ?    BEAUTIFUL, FRIENDLY “WELCOMING”? OR “UGLY”, HOSTILE and VIOLENT-DANGEROUS?   “CURSED” or “BLESSED” by the “COLOSSUS NORTH”? (United States) OR a “VICTIM” at WAR with ITSELF? – (e.g. 7 “civil wars”).  Independence (1810-1821) Early Republic (Liberal-Conservative Political divide),   War of the Reform (1850s), “The Revolution” (1910), Cristero Rebellion (1929),   “Zapatista” class warfare, War on Drugs (2000s)

The following is a result of world history unit on Mexican History:

WHICH MEXICO?

Is Mexico a “DEVELOPED” nation, “UNDERdeveloped” or a MIXTURE of both?

Circle which of the following applies:

ECONOMICS
1)Nearly half of Mexico’s population lives in poverty. Ten percent are indigent, existing on a dollar a day.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

2)Mexico as a whole is quite rich in oil, natural gas, hydropower, gold, silver, beaches, archeological treasures, museums, art collections, many talented people and $14.5 billion in annual remittances from Mexicans living in the U.S.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

3)Mexico sits on oil reserves worth about $400 billion, but Mexico’s state-owned oil company, Pemex, doesn’t have the investment funds to exploit those reserves, and Mexico’s Congress refuses to allow foreign investment in Pemex.      a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

4)Pemex supplies Mexico with one third of all its revenue, paying nearly $70 billion. Pemex executives and Mexican politicians have reportedly embezzled billion$.  If the oil sector were opened to private investment and competition, taxes and increased government revenues could redirect billions of dollars to food programs, health care, education, housing and public works.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

5)Carlos Slim Helu bought the nationally owned telephone company Telcom, which was not very profitable and was run inefficiently. He now is the richest man in the world for the fourth consecutive year with a 2013 net worth of $73 billion, which is $4 billion up from 2012.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

6)Mexico’s elite upper class includes 1,340,000 people or 1.7 % of all the country’s inhabitants. The lower class includes 66.4 million, 59.1 % of country, (a 1:49 ratio).   a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

7)Mexico has 15 Forbes billionaires, more than Saudi Arabia, Switzerland or Taiwan. It also has more than 85,000 millionaires.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

8)Mexico GDP per capita $15,600 (2013 estimate.) U.S. $52,800 (2013 estimate). Mexico national GDP is $1.845 trillion (2013 est.) #11 largest economy in world (in comparison – U.S. $16.7 trillion national GDP).    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

9)Tourism generated $12.7 billion in 2012. It is the 5th-biggest source of national revenue. Mexico’s 59% share of the 11.1 million cruise passengers in 2005 all over the world. makes it the world’s top destination for cruise liners.. Mexico is ranked 10th; as a destination of choice for tourists.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

10)Mexico’s luxury goods market is likely to grow by 12% in 2012. Overall, Mexicans spent nearly $4 billion on luxury apparel, up from just $2 billion in 2004.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

11)In Mexico, the income of 0.000001 % of the population is more than the. combined income of 40 million Mexicans. The middle class in Mexico includes 39.2 % (44 million people) of the country’s total population. Mexico’s middle class increased 11.4 % between 2000 and 2010.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

12)If Singapore, Taiwan, and other natural resource-starved “Asian Tigers” can grow in the face of obstacles, why not Mexico?    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

13)As a share of the population,Twitter is used more in Mexico than it is in the U.S.      a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

The SOCCER “INDUSTRY”
14)Mexican soccer has the highest paying salary in Latin America, on average $600,000 a year. In South America, an above average player gets $300,000 a year; Average; $150,000 Below average – $50,000 a year MLS average – $138,169 (2010) England – $2.36 million per year; Barcelona $8.7 million; Real Madrid $7.8 million.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

15)The Mexican soccer federation is run by a small, rich elite of executive an club owners. Games and sponsorship are sold to the highest financial bidder to generate profits. Most Mexican national team games are played in the more profitable U.S. The Mexican masses do not get much of a change to “benefit” from their own team.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

16)Mexico’s failure to reach the 2014 World Cup would have resulted in $600 million in lost TV, merchandise (e.g. 1 million jerseys/shirts) and sponsorship revenue. Coca-Cola, Wells Fargo, All State, Visa and Anheuser-Busch all have sponsorship deals with the Mexican Federation, which got $13 million from FIFA for qualifying.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

CRIME and CORRUPTION
17)The Mexican government has been fighting a war with drug traffickers since 2006. Drug cartels have fought each other for control of territory. Government estimates 26,000 people have gone missing since 2007 and as many as 70,000 killed.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

18)Officials estimated DRUG PROFITS to be $30 billion U.S. dollars in 1994 (four times the oil revenues the same year, 7.1% of the GNP).   a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

19)Mexico’s is plagued by widespread tax evasion. Lack of government revenues cause public-school and health-care systems to suffer. Yet, a $67 billion bailout of private banks benefited bankers with government ties at the expense of the poor.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

20)Some $2.3 billion – approximately 1% of the country’s economic production goes to.  officials in BRIBES, with the poorest families paying nearly 14% of their income. in bribes. Estimates are 34 % of businesses made “extra-official” payments to. legislators and bureaucrats (government workers) totaling $11.2 billion in 2004.    a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both

21)Entrepreneurs (risk-taking investors) resist investing in a country where the. judicial system teems with favoritism, cronyism (friends) and corruption.     a)old, feudal underdeveloped b)modern, liberal developed c)both