World History is filledwith conflict – political, ethnic, social, economic, religious, cultural, etc.

I  WHO’S YOUR ENEMY ???

A basicelement in any conflict or fight is WHO and/or WHATare you FIGHTING?
1) YOURSELF ?

2) PEOPLE “LIKE YOU” ?

3) EVERYBODY ELSE ? – Man vs. man; man vs. woman; man vs. society; man vs. nature

II WEAPONS – TOOLS of WARFARE ?

WHAT are you going to fight with? (tactics) HOW are you going to fight? (strategy)

1)GUNBOAT Diplomacy:

strength: practical effectiveness; “might” makes “right” Appeal to FORCE, (or threat of).

weakness: never-ending “cycle of violence”; win the “war”, lose the “peace” (a bayonet is good for anything except for sitting”;  you can conquer by horseback, but not effectively rule from there)

2)DOLLAR Diplomacy:  strength: universal appeal to “prosperity”, “equal” exchange;  ECONOMICS (“dollars, not bullets”)
weakness: universal derision of “greed”, exploitation

3)MORAL Diplomacy:  strength:universal appeal of principle, abstract “good” & “right’. Appeal to “RIGHT”
weaknesses:moral ambiguity & complexity of “right & wrong”;  Violence? OR Non-violence? self-righteousness & hypocrisy

III The “BATTLEFIELD”

Another factor in a fight in the site and “situation” of battle. Military historians have noted the importance of “geographic” advantage and knowledge (“intelligence”) of the battlefield, places of strengths and weaknesses of any given position, the “terrain” of human nature and history: PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIAL, MORAL, SPIRITUAL:

IDEALISM vs. REALISM:

How things OUGHT to be how things IS/ARE.  

Strengths: something better; abstract “progress” “concrete” goals that are “accomplish-able”.

Weaknesses: “wishful thinking”; delusion cynicism- belief only of selfishness or “nothingness”. Unintended consequences “hopelessness” is “oppressive” (nihilism).

Can a “dream” become a “nightmare”? 

“Where there is no vision, the people perish.”

ROMANTICISM vs. RATIONALITY

appeal to FEELINGS (subjectivity) vs FACTS: mind-thought-analysis (objectivity);

RISKS:“thoughtless-ness” of “consequences”  RISKS: Are people entirely reasonable?;  

SELF-DESTRUCTIVE? (“deceiving desires”)

Can “reasonable” solutions or compromise;  Can instinct get “out of control”? be reached to prevent conflict?

The “Mind vs. Matter”

Problem: Can “instinct” and “reason” be easily “separated”?;

Can “reason” be used to “rationalize” passion or instincts? (e.g. “moral outrage” and “victimization” used by the Nazis to justify their brutal rise to power)

IV RESULTS – CONSEQUENCES

The END RESULT? Are things better or worse? Did you reach your goals?

PROGRESS?  

PROBLEMS? (usually unforeseen, unintended)

PRICE? (results worth the cost?).

Is conflict INEVITABLE (unavoidable) or PREVENTABLE ???
(through undeniable “passions”) (through “reasonable” analysis) ???   differences that are “non-negotiable”? similarities that provide room. for “compromise”?  the world in clearly-defined black and white the world confusing, ambiguous gray