FASCISM – NAZI SOCIAL ENGINEERING
An ALL-POWERFUL STATE (government) CO-ORDINATES “The NATION”
a single party “dictatorship” guiding a “totalitarian” state- (all political, economic, religious, and social aspects controlled by one centralized government)
A “state (secret) police uses “terror” to enforce the will of the state.
Use of “science” and social planning to “improve” the human condition. (e.g. eugenics)
Fascists p;ace a “faith” in the “perfectibility” of man and government towards “progress” “The Nazi Party must not become a servant of the masses, but their master!” – Hitler
COMMUNITY and RENEWAL
Jonah Goldberg: “Fascists share a sweeping vision of social justice and community and need for the state to realize that vision … An attempt to restore an imagined past or swatisfy and ancient yearning. Individual existence lacked meaning, purpose and authenticity, except in relation to the collective general will.”
The popularity of the Nazis rested on both the idea Volksgemeinschaft, or people’s “community” and national “renewal”. (spiritual “rebirth”) The Nazis were credited with finally establishing national solidarity that “Germans” had long desired. The people’s community sought reconciliation amongst Germans long divided by class, region and religion. . National Socialism appealed to war veterans, lower middle classes, small-town Germans and business people alike. National solidarity resonated because it seemed to offer more social equality. Nazi rule was a revolution – with a sense of new direction and a new time. The Nazis ridiculed opponents as “hopeless yesteryears.” The Nazis seemed “men of the future.”
A “NEW MAN”
A common fascist theme were young men roused from their passive acceptance of he machine of bourgeosie democracy. Nazi writer Hanns Johnst’s play “Der Konig”
centers on a heroic revolutionary who is betrayed by “reactionaries” and the bourgeosie. The protaganist commits suicide rather abandon his revolutionary principle. Hitler saw this play 17 times in three years and suspected his life might end similarly. Similarly, the recurring theme – we must be awakened from the comfortable “nightmare” we call life.
OBSESSION with YOUTH
Control and indoctrination of youth to the ends of the state. towards revolutionary change, necessary towards the creation of a UTOPIAN state.
Capturing children for social engineering purposes. The fascist quest for the “new man” and society through the children.
NUCLEAR FAMILY was the INSTITUTION MOST RESISTANT TO POLITICAL INDOCTRINATION
HITLER YOUTH – To build the future, the Hitler Youth indoctrinated young people through communal activity and state propaganda. The revival of the great German nation through its youth and “great leader” (the “Cult of Personality”) were continuously advertised. Hitler Youth pledged absolute loyalty to Hitler (“der Fuerher”, meaning “father-leader). “Obedient” Youth were used to help ensure the loyalty of their parents towards this “great” undertaking. While the Nazis often paid homage to the family, in practice the Nazis “invaded” the family to break its autonomy. (because the family contains loyalties outside state control) The nuclear family was the institution most resistant to political indoctrination. Parents complained about their children “barking” at them like Prussian army sergeants.
Hitler Youth also undertook physical fitness programs that “empowered” them towards “greatness”, and prepared them physically and psychologically for war.
Hitler demanded unquestioned obedience. Elite, black-uniformed troops called the S.S. enforced Hitler’s rule. The separate Gestapo secret police rooted out opposition through brutal repression.
The Nazis sought “totalitarian” state control of all aspects of German life. Universities were “purged” of professors who raised questions and displayed dissent. “Un-German” books were banned and publicly burned. All media was censored. Radio and film turned Nazism into a spectacle heightening nationalism Hitler urged most religious leaders to join a Nazi-dominated German “national church”.
Hitler and the Nazis had a fascination with film-making and propaganda and its role in transforming society.
“It is NOT TRUTH that matters, but VICTORY” Hitler
PUBLIC WORKS Large public works programs (building highways, housing, replanting forests) relieved unemployment. Military rearmament, in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, provided jobs and revived German military power.
The VOLKSWAGEN Hitler promised a “Volkswagen”, a “people’s car”, that would make the German people “rich and beautiful”. The building of autobahns (roads) and the experience of travel and state-provided vacations enhanced the quality of life. The Volkswagen was a symbol of the future as a “new, happier age”.
Xenophobic fear of “outsiders” were seen as a threat to “national regeneration”. The Jews (under 1% of the German population) were “scapegoated”. Nazi assaults on “asocials” such as Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals and the mentally handicapped threatened the “purity” and healthy development of the volksgemeinschaft In 1935, the Nuremburg Laws deprived Jews of German citizenship and other restrictions. Jews were prohibited from marrying non-Jews, attending or teaching in German schools, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine, or publishing books.
“I am FREEING man from the restraints of intelligence and a degrading … FALSE vision called CONSCIENCE and MORALITY” Hitler
“Humanitarianism is the expression of STUPIDITY and COWARDICE” I DO NOT SEE WHY MAN SHOULD NOT BE JUST AS CRUEL AS NATURE” “Our strength lies in our intensive attacks and OUR BARBARITY… After all, who today remembers
the GENOCIDE of the Armenians?” “As soon as the idea was introduced that all men were equal before God, that world was bound to collapse.” HITLER
The Nazis were for fighting air pollution. Creating nature preserves and “sustainable” forestry.
FOOD – Hitler hated smoking sought “organic” food production