10-7 WORLD WAR TWO: MAIN IDEAS
PLACE an “M” next to the one that is the main idea ,
an “S” next the supporting ideas.
___ 1)German “revenge” for the Treaty of Versailles ending World War One was a major
motivation for Hitler’s Nazi Germany.
___ 2)Hitler had political, cultural and economic motivations for the creation of a
“Third Reich”, the Nazi-led expansion of a thousand-year domination of the world.
___ 3)Hitler and the Nazis sought “lebensraum” or “living space” for an “Aryan” Empire.
___ 4)Germany’s paying of reparations for war guilt caused economic inflation, causing
Germany to suffer greatly during the 1920s and 1930s.
___ 5)The “de-militarized” Rhineland along the France-Germany border was occupied by
the German military, a violation of Versailles. The French did nothing to object.
___ 6)Hitler forcibly unified Nazi Germany with their Germanic “cousins” Austria
in 1938, in what was termed “Anschluss”.
___ 7)Czechoslovakia was occupied in 1938 by the Nazis. The West weakly protested.
___ 8)Hitler was determined to restore German national “greatness” and military power
by territorial expansion through neighboring nations.
___9)An “Axis” of Italy-Germany-Japan formed, led by “totalitarian” leaders
(i.e. “dictators”) seeking world domination and empire.
___10)Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini sought to restore Italian greatness of the
past, like the Roman Empire of the ancient past.
___11)German fascist leader Hitler, a great admirer of Mussolini, allied Nazi Germany
with Fascist Italy in their combined drive for domination of Europe and Africa.
___12)Japan was dominated by its military class governing in the name of the “divine”
emperor Hirohito. The Japanese desire and drive for empire in Asia led them
to ally itself with Mussolini and Hitler’s Nazi Germany.
___ 13)Hitler viewed western military inaction as a sign of weakness, encouraging
the Nazis to continue their aggressive expansion against the Western democracies.
___ 14)”Isolationism” in the United States was a popular movement which sought to
avoid American “entanglement” in world affairs, especially avoiding another
pointless, “European” war. The U.S. did little to prepare for war.
___ 15)Western “appeasement” and “inaction” against Nazi aggression and expansion
was a failed attempt at peaceful “compromise” to avoid war “at all costs”.
___ 16)The Great Depression of the 1930s influenced western powers from avoiding
military preparedness and using resources in vain hope of avoiding war.
___ 17)Japanese Imperial Expansion was led by their military-dominated government.
___ 18)The Japanese invaded China in 1931, seeking natural resources for their
“industrialized” nation and mechanized and modern “war machine”.
___ 19)The Rape of Nanking (China’s capitol) in 1937 was a brutal attempt by the
Japanese military to “intimidate” the Chinese into submission and surrender.
___ 20)The “Rape of Nanking” led to a western boycott of natural resources to Japan.
___ 21)Winston Churchill became the British leader after the war started (in disaster).
He vowed the threatened British would “never surrender” to Nazi domination.
___ 22)American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt met with British leader Churchill
and promised U.S. aid despite official and legal “neutrality”.
___ 23)”Allied” leaders joined together and made a priority to defeat Nazi Germany.
___ 24)Soviet leader Josip Stalin formed an alliance with the West, especially seeking
American weapons and supplies to fight their “life or death” struggle with the Nazis.
___ 25)The Nazi invasion of Poland in September, 1939 caused France and Britain to
declare war on Nazi Germany. Both were defeated by the Nazis at Dunkirk, France.
___ 26)The Nazi invasion and conquering of France in 1940 led to Nazi expansion and
“payback” for German humiliation at the Treaty of Versailles ending WW I.
___ 27)The Nazi invasion in 1941 and near conquering of Russia was an aggressive
violation of the Hitler-Stalin “non-aggression” pact of 1938.
___ 28)The Nazi military “blitzkrieg” (combined air-tank-infantry) enabled them to
conquer and control most of Europe.
___ 29)The lack of natural resources to feed the Japanese Empire led them to make a
“sneak” attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. They hoped a decisive strike would
cause total American retreat from Asia and the Pacific. A long war with the
U.S. “war machine” would lead to eventual Japanese destruction.
___ 30)Japan’s “Monroe Doctrine in Asia” led them to seek an Asia dominated by Japan.
___ 31)Japanese military expansion in Asia and the Pacific brought them into conflict
with Britain and the United States.
___ 32)American “island hopping” was a counterattack against Japanese control of
the Pacific and Asia achieved early in the war.
___ 33)The Nazi advance through Russia was stopped at the Battle of Stalingrad.
After almost winning, Hitler’s refusal to retreat led to Soviet counterattack and
eventual Nazi military destruction on the Eastern Front.
___ 34)World War Two was fought on many “theaters” or fronts in Europe, Africa and
Asia. There were several decisive or major “turning points” on each front.
___ 35)Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk by the Americans at the naval battle at
Midway in June, 1942. Japan lost the capacity to expand offensively.
___ 36)Invasion at Normandy, France in 1944 by the western allies (U.S./Britain/Canada)
started a western front and eventual destruction of Nazi-held Europe by May, 1945.
___ 37)The Nazis were crushed by the Soviets in the east and U.S./British in the West.
___ 38)The U.S. “war machine”, after initial defeats, eventually crushed Imperial Japan.
___ 39)The “Allies” defeated the “axis” powers of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan.
___ 40)The American “Manhattan Project” started in response to Nazi attempts to build
an atomic bomb. The Nazis surrendered before the “project” was completed.
Atomic bombs were dropped on Japan in August, 1945, ending World War Two