World War Two:The “ETHICS of WAR” – REACTION
____1)Hitler and the Nazis were right to resist German humiliation and “victimization” caused by the Treaty of Versailles ending World War One.
It is understandable that Germans followed someone that delivered on promises to restore their “greatness”. Explain:
___ 2)Nazi Germany hypocritically complained of “victimization”, proceeding to “victimize” Europe and the world with their aggression and expansion.
The Nazis “rationalized” their “psychotic”, evil and destructive behavior.
Their destruction by the Allies was entirely justified. Nazi Germany “had it coming”. Explain:
___ 3)Negotiation and ”appeasement” by the British and French with Nazi Germany made sense.
It is “rational” and “moral” to explore all avenues towards “peace” before considering “gunboat diplomacy” and war. Explain:
___ 4)The West was foolish to NOT act militarily (“gunboat diplomacy”) against Nazi Aggression EARLIER.
The French could have stopped Nazi aggression in 1936. Negotiation and
“appeasement” was seen as weakness by Hitler and the Nazis.
The Nazis were “bullies” who wanted war.
Western military inaction and American “isolationism” allowed the Nazis to get strong and almost conquer the world. Explain:
___ 5)Japan was right to seek a “Monroe Doctrine for the East”, in which Asians controlled Asia, the Americas were dominated by the U.S. and Europe was controlled by Europeans.
The Japanese were right to resent western imperialism in Asia by the U.S. and Britain. Explain:
____6)The Rape of Nanking is evidence that the Japanese “empire” was brutal and unjust, far worse than any “exploitation” by the West.
The Japanese needed to be stopped fromdominating Asia.
The West was correct in enacting an economic boycott of Japan that
“punished” Japanese aggression and expansion. Explain:
____7)It is sometimes necessary in war to kill civilians. War should be won at all costs.
What the Japanese military did to ‘intimidate” the Chinese in Nanking is part of war. Explain:
____8)The western economic boycott (“dollar diplomacy”) threatened Japan’s military and economic well being.
Japan had justification for challenging Western imperialism.
A “sneak attack” on Pearl Harbor was justified against a “hypocritical” West. Explain:
____ 9)The 3000-10,000 American Prisoners of War (POWs) who died on Bataan were an unfortunate “accident” of the war.
The Japanese could not possibly have planned to take care
of 76,000 POWs. The “Law of Bushido” was correct – “compassion” is a form ofweakness.
The “losers” deserve WHATEVER HAPPENS to them in time of war. Explain:
___ 10)The Japanese were criminally to blame for the 3000-10,000 dead American POWs, not to mention tens of thousands of Filipinos dead. The Japanese performed “crimes against humanity.”
Americans and Filipinos had a legitimate claim to “hate” Japanese crimes. Explain:
__11)The British firebombing of Dresden, Germany, killing 50,000 civilians was wrong.
It was a city of little or no military significance. The British raid on Hamburg in 1943 created a
firestorm with hurricane force winds and temperatures reaching 1000 degrees.
Suction uprooted trees and flung people through the air over a sea of fire.
About 42,000 civilians were killed – more than all the deaths during the German bombing of Britain.
Killing civilians and destroying cities with little/no military value is cruel, unnecessary and criminally barbaric.
___ 12)The Germans had indiscriminately bombed England earlier in the war.
The Nazis routinely used “terror” against their enemies.
The British bombing of Dresden and Hamburg and killing of civilians was justifiable “payback” against Nazi Germany. Explain:
___13)The U.S. firebombing of Tokyo, killing120,000 civilians, was justified.
The Japanese believed that “compassion” and war were contradictory.
Destroying the enemy’s capital and civilians supporting their war effort is an acceptable war aim.
The Japanese passively accepted,obeyed and supported a military dictatorship that terrorized Asia and the Pacific.
All Japanese had a responsibility for the terror they unleashed upon the world. (ask the Chinese) Explain:
___14)The killing of 120,000 civilians during the firebombing of Tokyo was morally ____
wrong, cruel and reprehensible. There is absolutely no excuse for it. Explain.
__15)Japanese “kamikaze” suicide bombing and “matricide” on Okinawa are evidence of indifference to “morality” and death.
Most took their own lives than suffer the “shame” of surrendering.
The Japanese showed little or no respect of “life”.
If they do not respect their own lives, why should we respect theirs? Explain:
___ 16)American President Truman; “We have used it against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have starved and beaten American prisoners of war, against those who have abandoned the pretense of obeying international laws of warfare.
We have used it to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans.”
Truman made the correct decision.
Dropping the atomic bomb saved MILLIONS of lives. (not only American, but Japanese)
The “progress” of ending the war was worth the “price” of those killed by nuclear bombs.
The choice was not between good and evil – it was a “TRAGIC” choice of the lesser of two evils.
___ 17)Japanese Hiroke Nakamoro: “For the first time, my heart was filled with hate, bitter hate, for a people who could do this.”
There is no justifiable excuse for using an atomic bomb at anytime or anyplace.
We were inhumane criminals for dropping the bomb. Explain:
___ 18)It was Japan’s ally, Nazi Germany, who started developing the atomic bomb.
The U.S. finished it and used it.
The Nazis or Japanese would have used it if they possessed the weapon.
Moral outrage by the Japanese is hypocritical.
They started the war – we finished it.
They fought with no mercy or “compassion” – why should we have any? Explain
___19)Killing 100,000 with conventional bombs is no different than killing 100,000 with an atomic bomb.
Making moral “distinctions” regarding killing is dumb and pointless. Explain:
___ 20)Even though war is “hell”, there are “ideals”, ethics and “rules” of war.
There are war atrocities that are never right to do.
___ 21)Trying to figure out “rules” of war is problematic.