10-4.2 CHINA and the WEST – WHAT-WHO AM I?

MATCH THE FOLLOWING CONCEPTS or PEOPLE TO THE STATEMENTBELOW:

barbarians – Opium War – Hong Kong – concessions – peasants
Christian missionaries – Taiping Rebellion – immigration – manners –
Confucian Scholar-Gentry – Japan – Spheres of Influence – the Open Door – conservatives – reformers – Boxers – education – Sun Yat Sen – Emperor – chaos


1)Millions of Chinese died during this conflict lasting from 1850 to 1864, which resulted in 20-30 million deaths amd weakened Chinese Imperial government rule.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

2)After the Treaty of Nanjing (1842), the British gained this port to access trade on China.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

3)This was the “educated” class that ruled China in the name of the Emperor.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

4)They called themselves “righteous Harmony Fists”.

They hated foreign involvement in Chinese, setting a violent rebellion against foreigners. They were crushed militarily by foreign troops (including U.S. Marines)

What-Who Am I? ______________________

5)Conflict between the Chinese and British started when Chinese attacked British merchant ships conducting illegal trade in China.

British navy warships destroyed
Chinese junks, leading to British victory and Chinese humiliation with the signing of the Treaty of Nanjing in 1842.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

6)Many Chinese considered foreigners to be this term, which meant
“lacking civilization”, an indicator of Chinese “arrogance”.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

7)His government rule over China ended in 1911, after nearly three thousand years.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

8)Europeans wanted Chinese trade divided into these, in which each European country
would have a trade monopoly us a specific region of China.

What-Who Am I? ______________________
9)The Chinese were forced to sign “unequal” treaties, in which the Chinese gave up things in return for very little or nothing.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

10)He was a Chinese reformer born of peasant farmer parents, educated in the west with a medical degree. Exiled for revolution against Imperial rule, he was elected President of China, which led to chaos.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

11)They were allowed to preach and teach in China after initial Chinese rejection.
What-Who Am I? ______________________

12)Unlike China, they did “full-scale modernization” and reform, becoming a dominant power in Asia.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

13)They were Chinese who wanted to maintain traditional Chinese culture, resisting changes or western reforms.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

14)Thi occurred in part because of the disastrous Taiping Rebellion, which resulted in many Chinese “escaping” to help build railroads in the United States.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

15)Chinese reform of this led to women attending schools and an emphasis on “modern” math and science, instead of traditional Confucianism.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

16)Chinese who sought to “modernize” and change traditional Chinese society in response to interaction with the West.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

17)Traditonal Chines and Confucian culture and behavior emphasized these, as a means of showing social “respect” and bringing group harmony.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

18)The United States sought this trade policy in China, in which all nations would have equal and open trade anywhere in China, as opposed to “spheres of influence”.

What-Who Am I? ______________________

19)China experienced this because of weak and ineffective government under both the Emperor and after the democratic election of President Sun Yat-sen

What-Who Am I? ______________________

20)Most Chinese were members of this class, called the “mean” people by Chinese society. Sun Yat-sen’s parents were these. He sought ”prosperity” for them and all Chinese.

What-Who Am I? ______________________